A. Location and Land Area
The municipality of Roxas is located in the central part of Mallig Plains. It is bounded on the North by the town of Mallig, on the Northeast by Quirino, on the Southeast by San Manuel and on the West by Cordillera Region. It is about forty (40) kilometers away from the town of Ilagan, the capital town of the province. Roxas belongs to the Second Congressional District of Isabela with twenty-six (26) barangays and is classified as a first (1st) class municipality.
The municipality is almost plain except the western and northwestern parts, which are hilly and slightly mountainous. Roxas occupies a total land area of 18,480 hectares with an urban land area of 506.275 hectares and the remaining 17,973.725 hectares is classified as rural area. Of the total land area, about 65.06% is devoted for agriculture. As shown in Table 1, only 0.016% is devoted for industrial activities, 0.040% for commercial endeavors, 2.551% is being utilized for residential, about 0.142% for government land, 0.012% for religious land, 0.241% for educational land and about 31.938% is used for other purposes.
Table 1. CLASSIFICATION OF LAND AREA
However, about 178,451 sq. m. or 1,784.51 has. Agricultural land has been re-classified to other uses. Simply means, the productivity of the land from its original uses declines so that the conversion of the land will is more beneficial to the land owner.
Generally, the type of climate of Roxas is characterized as fair. Rainfall starts during the month of May and continues throughout the month of January. Maximum rainfall generally occurs from the months of October to December. The coldest temperature is felt during the month of January, while the hottest temperature is felt during the months of April to June. The municipality is usually visited by typhoons during the months of September to December. The northwestern part of the poblacion, which is Barangay Sotero Nuesa is usually flooded during the bad weather.
C. Soil Types
Table 2. SOIL CLASSIFICATIONS/TYPES
|SOIL CLASSIFICATION||AREA (Has)|
|QuinguaSilty Clay Loam||5,451|
|Cauayan Sandy Loam||3,696|
|Bago Sandy Loam||1,663|
|San Juan Clay||3,881|
|Bantog Clay Loam||555|
|Bago Clay Loam||462|
The population of Roxas as of December 2018 is 61,773 with an average Annual Growth Rate (AGR) 1.63. The 2018 total population density is 334.05 persons/ hectare. Of the total population, 31,498 or 51% are male and 30,358 or 49% are female. The municipality has 13,595 households.
E. Health and Nutrition
There are seven (7) existing hospitals in the municipality, one (1) is owned by the government and six (6) are privately owned. The LGU also has a New Roxas Municipal Health Center and (19) clinics. These hospitals and clinics are quite adequate to serve the medical needs of the people. However, in spite of having these medical facilities in the locality, we can’t avoid to have some illnesses that cause death. Some of these are diseases of the heart, tuberculosis, cancers, hemorrhages, renal failure, accidents, etc. Thus, the municipality established rural health centers in all barangays with qualified personnel. In addition, twenty One (21) barangay health stations were constructed so that residents of a barangay will no longer move to rural health center for their medical needs.
F. Sports and Recreation
Based on the actual survey conducted, there are 92 recreational facilities and 72 sports facilities found in the municipality of Roxas. Also were built was the New Roxas Astrodome that capable of accommodating ten thousand people. Most of the sports facilities are basketball courts. These basketball courts are usually erected within the school compound, community centers or beside barangay halls. The LGU-Roxas institutionalized the Inter-High School Basketball Tournament which was conducted every year.
The existence of the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) System in the municipality that provides water supply services in irrigating farmlands makes the locality a prime agricultural community. The presence of these services makes the agricultural workers the highest in number.
The agricultural productivity of Roxas is high, reaching as much as 95 percent cultivation rates in rice and corn. Surplus production of rice and corn are being exported to other places. Other crops are vegetables, tobacco and root crops in which production is just sufficient for local consumption. Likewise, the production of meat including pork and poultry is just sufficient but the supply of fish of other kinds aside from the harvest of inland fishpond owners within the locality is dependent on the arrival of supply coming from other places.
H. Commerce and Trade
Roxas is one of the identified commercial growth centers of Isabela province and the business center of the Mallig Region. Roxas boasts to be the third in terms of commercial-related activities next to Cauayan City and Santiago City. A total of 1,080 commercial establishments are in operation in the municipality, of which 14 (6 com, 8 rural banks) are in Banking and Finance also there are 19 micro. Finance/ Lending Institutions, 10 hotels, 8 Restaurants And 3 Resorts, & one (1) mall. Seventy Three (73) are engaged in industrial activities.
The municipality also has a Public Market which is situated at Barangay Rizal (part of Poblacion) with an aggregate area of 13,525 square meters and is occupied by different kinds of commercial establishments, like groceries, carinderias and sari-sari stores. 20 gasoline station are also operating in the municipality.
Jeepneys, tricycles, and utility vehicles are the modes of transportation within the municipality. All barangays of Roxas are being reached by any of these modes. There are also buses that operate in the municipality to transport passengers in and out of the municipality.
The municipality of Roxas has several water supply facilities. Most commonly used by the populace especially in rural areas are pump wells and only little use the electric motor for their water resources. In the urban areas or in the poblacion, 90% of the population is served by the Local Water Utility Administration (LWUA) now the Roxas Water District (RWD). The method used by this system is by direct pumping. The system however is being treated by direct injection thru the use of a chlorinator tank.
Electric power in Roxas is supplied by the Isabela Electric Cooperative (ISELCO II) which purchases wholesale supply from the National Power Corporation.
Of the 13,595 households in Roxas, households are served with power representing about 11,882. There are still 1,713 households without electricity.
L. Protective Services
The Philippine National Police (PNP), 2nd District Mobile Force Company and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP) maintain the peace and order situation in the municipality. They are being augmented by the barangay tanods of the 26 barangays. The LGU also created the POSU to upkeep POC situation particularly in Pablacion.
The Roxas Philippine National Police (PNP) is composed of 43Policemen. The ratio is one Policeman is to 1,470 persons, which is better than the national standard, which is 1:1,000. In terms of facilities and equipment, the Police Station is equipped with 14 Radio Transceiver and three service vehicles.
Presently, the municipality has two (3) fire trucks with complete accessories being manned by fifteen (17) Firemen.
The educational needs of Roxas are provided by seventy (70) schools. Of these, thirty (30) are classified as pre-schools, twenty-six (26) are elementary schools, ten (10) are secondary schools and four (4) tertiary schools.
All of the twelve (12) kindergarten schools are privately owned and managed. Out of the twenty-six (26) are elementary schools, seven (7) are private elementary schools and the rest are government schools. Likewise, seven (7) secondary schools are government-owned and three (3) is privately-owned. For tertiary level, three (3) are owned by private entities one (1) is government-owned.